Adventure

New Interactive Green Castle Map

You can now check out our eco-resort for yourself with our new interactive map showing you the 20 miles of hiking trails for your pleasure and the many sights and attractions that will keep you busy for your entire stay. Green Castle Estate is the perfect place to come on your Jamaican vacation. Situated in Robin’s Bay, the picturesque estate is a private location that offers visitors the chance to get back to nature, relax with some true Jamaican hospitality and unwind.

We take pride in serving our guest’s delicious Jamaican food and drinks in a beautiful natural setting. With a maximum of 25 guests, we can create the perfect secluded vacation where your desire to be active or relax is all within our 1600 acre retreat. With such a large natural paradise for our guests to enjoy, we thought it would be useful to have a snapshot of some of the fun things to do in Jamaica, whilst you are on holiday.

Enjoy a stroll to Jack’s bay beach, a gorgeous eco beach where you can dip your toes in the turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea. Why not enjoy kayaking on the Green Castle Blue Hole during your vacation at Green Castle Hotel. If history and culture interests you, our estate has some fascinating sights. Discover the old burial site and the former Taino village, the original inhabitants of Jamaica. Step on the sand where Christopher Columbus is rumoured to have landed, or enjoy a leisurely hike to see the 500 year old Spanish tower. If you want to experience nature at its finest, take in a beautiful walk to Mingo waterfall. Immerse yourself along our many hiking trails seeing everything Jamaica has to offer. The national bird of Jamaica is a regular in our gardens, when you see the Red-billed Streamertail for the first time, you’ll want to sit back and gaze in awe at this gorgeous bird.

Green Castle is perfectly placed, to allow guests to enjoy everything Jamaica has to offer. Beautiful vistas of the Caribbean Sea and the Blue Mountains are literally on your doorstep. Our eco park is home to a vast array of incredible animals. With our carefully curated tours, both on Green Castle and to the Blue and John Crow Mountains, guests have the best opportunities to see all 28 endemic birds of Jamaica. We are perfectly placed to arrange trips to Kingston, Ocho Rios, and Portland without requiring hours of travel. We are not too far from airports in Montego Bay and Kingston ensuring you can start your vacation in no time.

Have a look for yourself at our interactive map here – use the legend to the left of the map to filter the different categories for you to view.

Another world record!

Green Castle has been lucky enough to feature in another world record.  Jonathan Rossouw chose Green Castle as part of his quest to see 9,000 world birds ahead of his 50th birthday.  Ahead of schedule, Jonathan became the youngest person to have seen 9,000 bird species.

Joining Green Castle with Ignacio Yúfera, wildlife photographer extraordinaire and Malcolm Fair, a fellow birding enthusiast, Jonathan chose Green Castle because of its convenient central location on the island.  Situated in a beautiful part of the world, Green Castle’s 1600 acres / 6.5km2 provides a home to many flora and fauna.  Birds such as the Jamaican Streamertail can be seen amongst the Green Castle gardens, with more difficult species such as the Jamaican Owl and the Jamaican Mango also a possibility when using one of our expert bird guides.  With a relatively short drive to the Blue Mountains and John Crow Mountains, birders have the best opportunity to see all 28 endemic birds of Jamaica, and over 100 migratory bird species as well.

Taking in Green Castle’s guided tours to Ecclesdown and Hardwar Gap the following day after their arrival, Jonathan, Malcom and Ignacio quickly began with seeing the last of the 9,000 birds as part of their record attempt.  A Red-billed Streamertail, which is the national bird of Jamaica, became the 9,000th bird seen and allowed Jonathan to achieve this impressive record. This glorious hummingbird is known colloquially as the “Doctorbird”, a reference to the forked streamers of its tail, which reminded the population of the coats and tails worn by surgeons during the colonial era. What a fantastic, appropriate bird to mark the occasion!

Within their first day of bird watching at Green Castle, 20 endemic birds of Jamaica had already been seen and photographed.  Enjoying a well-earned rest, and maybe 1-2 rum punches that night at the Green Castle Terrace restaurant on site, the team were up early again the next morning to visit Cockpit Country where even more birds were seen taking Jonathan significantly past his 9,000 target.

The following day as part of their trip, the trio headed west towards Montego Bay.  Stopping off at Goldeneye, which was Ian Fleming’s former home, and where the James Bond novels were penned.  As Jonathan Roussouw identified in his blog he created to commemorate this world record attempt, ‘Few non-birders are aware that Ian Fleming chose to name his Agent 007 after his best friend, the author of The Birds of the West Indies’.  A visit to Green Castle gives birders the chance to bird in a tropical paradise and the land of James Bond.   Following their visit to Rocklands Reserve, near Montego Bay, one final endemic bird species remained, the elusive Crested Quail Dove.  Jonathan openly admitted it was the bird he most wanted to see before he arrived in Jamaica.  Taking in a visit to Ecclesdown at dawn, the trio could hear the male Crested Quail Dove, but it had remained elusive.  However not to be outdone Jonathan, Malcolm and Ignacio persevered, and were rewarded with a pair of courting quail doves.  In seeing the Crested Quail Dove, Jonathan, Malcolm and Ignacio completed their initial aim of seeing all 28 endemic birds of Jamaica during their trip.  During the trip Jonathan also completed his record attempt to see 9,000 world birds well in advance of his 50th birthday.

To read more about Jonathan’s world record please click here.

Top 5 Things To See And Do In Jamaica For 2020

Places to visit in Jamaica

Jamaica has so many places to visit that have so much to offer.  Jamaica is the jewel in the Caribbean crown. It is no wonder why Jamaica features as so many peoples dream destination. There are places to visit in Jamaica that are straight out of paradise.  Glorious landscapes, deep blue sparkling seas, stunning emerald […]

Jamaicas incredible array of animals

Beaches, beautiful scenery, exotic fruit, spicy, delicious food and reggae music – that’s Jamaica isn’t it?  Well, yes but dig deeper and there is so much more including Jamaicas incredible array of animals.  From the multitude of land crabs, more than a dozen different frogs, fireflies, giant butterflies, crocodiles, snakes– including the Jamaican Boa, to the Manatees, iguanas, turtles and, of course, its dazzling species of endemic birds. Jamaicas animals are true representation of this natural paradise and one of the most biodiverse countries on earth.

In fact, many of Jamaicas animals are only found in Jamaica and a number of these are now endangered as so few remain.

Jamaica has the usual types of domestic animals, most of which were introduced during the time of European colonisation. These include dogs, cats, fish, birds, chickens, pigs, cows, goats, fish,  sheep, rabbits, horses and donkeys.

Jamaican wild animals range from large reptiles to birds and lots of tiny insects.   Where only a few of a species remain Jamaicas animals are protected under Jamaican Law.

There are seven species of Jamaican snakes and most are only found in Jamaica and none are harmful or poisonous. The Jamaican Boa (Epicrates subflavus) is the largest and it can grow to over six and a half feet in length. It is known as the Yellow Snake (or Nanka), and has a beautifully patterned black and yellow body, with a small tapered head. It is found in remote areas  and it is a protected species.

The Yellow Snake rests in the day and ventures out at night to feed on rats, bats and birds. Snakes are less common than they used to be because their habitats have been destroyed and others have been eaten by the mongoose, which was introduced to Jamaica in 1872 to destroy rats on the sugar plantations.

The American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) is Jamaica’s largest reptile and another protected species but it is also found elsewhere so is not unique to Jamaica. Crocodiles are found mainly on Jamaica’s south coast, in mangrove swamps . They eat mainly fish and other small sea creatures like frogs and turtles, but will also eat birds and small mammals. Crocodiles unlike most of Jamaicas animals are not found on the Green Castle estate.  It is safe to hike and enjoy swimming in the waterfalls.

The Manatee, another protected species, also known as the Sea Cow is a gentle giant. Manatees (Trichecus manatus) are warm-blooded herbivores that live in shallow waters, which may be salty, fresh or brackish. They can grow up to 12 feet, and can weigh over 3000 pounds. Manatees are grey in colour, hippo shaped, with two small front flippers and a flat tail. They live in herds of three or more.  Manatees are endangered worldwide and there are less than 100 along the south coast of Jamaica.

The Jamaican Iguana (Cyclura colle) is unique to Jamaica and protected as it was previously considered extinct. There is a small group at Hope Zoo in Kingston. They feed on fruit, plants, flowers and berries. It is grey in colour and can reach up to 5 feet long with scales, and spines which run along its back and its head.

The Jamaican Hutia (Geocapromys brownii) is another endemic Jamaican animal known as the coney.  It is a small, squat rodent ranging in colour from reddish brown to black. It grows up to 18 inches in length and can reach a weight of over 4 pounds.  It is a nocturnal creature and lives in remote hilly locations where there is limestone rock. The largest known populations are in St. Thomas and Portland.  They live in family groups throughout their lives and it is also a protected species.

There are also close to 300 species of birds in Jamaica, of which about 30 are endemic. Most of Jamaican birds are protected and many of these call Green Castle Estate home.

The Jamaican national bird is the Doctor Bird (Trochilus polytmus). It is one three species of hummingbird found on Jamaica. It is also known as the Scissors Tail, Swallow Tail, or Streamer Tail Hummingbird, as it has two impressively long tail feathers. The vibrant green and glossy black feathers make it a sight worth seeing.  These can often be seen across the Green Castle estate.  It is best to book an expert guide at Green Castle to maximise your opportunities of seeing as many of Jamaicas animals as possible.  You can see many of these animals whilst hiking at Green Castle as well, but the guides know how to track and listen out for the animals, which provides the best photo opportunities.

The other two hummingbirds are the tiny Bee Hummingbird (Beenie Bud) and the purple-black Mango Hummingbird.

The Black-Billed Parrot and the Green-Billed Parrot are two other beautiful birds which are protected by law. They are found mostly in the high elevations of eastern parishes. They feed on fruit, nuts and and berries.

The Jamaican Owl (Pseudoscops grammicus) is unique to the island. It is also known as the Patoo (Patu) or Brown Owl. Like other owls, it is nocturnal. Although similar in name, these are different to the unique Potoo bird.  These delightful birds, give their name to one of the rooms available at Green Castle.  Related to the nightjar and frog mouth, these birds are also sometimes called Poor-me-ones after their haunting calls.

The most magnificent Jamaican butterfly is the Giant Swallowtail (Pterourus homerus). Found only in Jamaica, it has a 6 inch (15cm) wing span, making it the second largest butterfly in the world. It is found mainly at high altitudes in the Blue Mountains, John Crow Mountains and Cockpit Country. The Giant Swallowtail has a vivid black and gold colouring, with dark blue circles decorating the lower wings.

There are at least 134 species of butterflies and moths in Jamaica, of which at least 30 are endemic. There is also a host of other interesting animals like lizards, turtles, bats, scorpions and mongooses.

If variety is the spice of life then it’s abundant in Jamaica!  Book your trip to Green Castle today to see these animals in their natural habitat.

Jamaican culture … unique and vibrant

Whether you have visited Jamaica or not, you will probably know Jamaican culture unique and vibrant and is famous across the world.  From Jamaican music, dance and food to its arts and crafts all derived from its rich heritage.  This cultural diversity probably stems from the many different nationalities that have landed on the island’s shores.  Over the past several centuries, many nationalities have arrived and settled in Jamaica, each bringing something to add to the mix.

Located south of Cuba, Jamaica is divided into fourteen parishes and it is 4,244 square miles in area. In 1872, Kingston, with a quarter of the population, was made the capital.  It is located on the South Eastern coast of the island and it is considered the cultural capital.  Like many cities Kingston is large and noisy.  It is also quite modern compared to some of the other parts of Jamaica.  Outside of Kingston Jamaica remains very traditional, with sleepy towns and villages where life moves at a different pace.

Whether they are the descendants of the colonists or recent immigrants people of many different nationalities live and work together in Jamaica. Each culture has added something to the way Jamaicans live their lives.

Jamaican language.

The Jamaican language is another way in which the blending of mixed cultures is illustrated.   The language is a mixture of English, Spanish and African. Jamaica’s official language is English. However many of its residents speak with their own linguistic style.  This can be different from village to village. Most of the language comes from Spanish, African, English and Rastafarian words.  For example, you might hear shoes called “zapatos,” – the Spanish word and people might use the African word “nyam,” meaning “eat.” Jamaican clothing is traditionally very beautiful and very bright.  Colours are used to enhance and celebrate life, and are evident in Jamaican clothing.  Traditional Jamaican clothing is made from Calico cloth. If you take a tour from Green Castle into Ocho Rios or Kingston, you will see this clothing in abundance.  It truly is a beautiful sight.  Another aspect that makes Jamaican culture unique is the Rastafarian clothing.  Clothing is traditionally red, gold and green, after the colours in the Ethiopian flag.  Clothing is always made from natural materials, due to the importance of this in Rastafarian beliefs.  One thing you will see a lot of in Jamaica, whether it is on the beach, in a rum bar or hiking through traditional villages, are the Rastafarian hats.  These are known as Tams and enclose the Rastafarian dreadlocks.

Jamaican food.

Jamaican culture is also enriched by its flavoursome, spicy and unique food.  Using the aromatic spices of the Caribbean the dishes are an unusual fusion of flavours in the world. Most popular on the menu is jerk, a spicy marinade that is added to meat, fish and chicken. However, yams, bananas, plantains, and ackee (a fruit) are popular fruit and vegetables.  You will also get to enjoy corn bread, salt fish and goat curry which make up some of the most traditional dishes. Seafood, which is in plentiful supply is always popular and can be found cooked fresh or in a curry.

Jamaican religion.

Religion or spirituality is also important to Jamaicans.  And the island has churches of many different Christian denominations including Anglicans, Baptists, Catholics, Methodists, Seventh Day Adventists, and Presbyterians. But there are also Jews, Hindus, Muslims, Bahai’s, and Rastafarians who live comfortably in Jamaica.

You will also discover ceremonies very unique to Jamaica.  For example which is Kumina is a Jamaican religious ceremony.  This usually involves  dancing, music spirit possession.  Traditionally this is a way of celebrating ancestors and also providing thanks. It can also be used to appease ancestors as well.   Traditionally this ceremony has its roots in African culture, likely stemming from the Congo.  The ceremony is spectacular to watch and a real treat for visitors to see.  Kumina normally is performed when good luck is required but also at significant events such as a wake, funeral or wedding.  Other ceremonies visitors to Jamaica may see include Revivalism and the Nine Nights ritual.

Revivalism, like much of Jamaican culture, has blends of European and African culture, but with a uniquely Jamaican influence.  Revivalism popular in Christianity, here also has an enhanced role for the balance with nature and spiritualism. The Nine Nights ritual is in essence an extended celebration of a persons life once they have passed.  It lasts nine days and involves many aspects of a traditional wake, with music , food, stories and like a lot of Jamaican culture, washed down with a lot of Jamaican rum.  These celebrations are very personal and a lot of fun.  On the ninth night, the burial usually takes place and the celebrations finish.

Jamaican music.

Music, dance and crafts are a huge area of importance to Jamaicans.  The Jamaicans love to express themselves through their music and to celebrate with dance. The most popular form of Jamaican music is reggae.  Reggae has a laid back sound that has become popular worldwide. Many reggae musicians have grown to international fame, including Bob Marley. Today Bob Marleys former home, is now known as the Bob Marley museum which you can visit on your tour to Jamaica.  The popularity of reggae continues and has evolved into Dancehall, a variation of reggae.  Jamaican dancing is unique and has changed over time from the styles of Europeans and Africans.

Jamaica is also home to many artisans who make products out of local and natural materials by hand.  These can be found at local craft fairs and stalls on the street.  Spend a day shopping in the local markets to discover glazed pottery animals, straw hats made of palm leaves, embroidered linens and batik clothing.  You can also find delightful shell jewellery or Rastafarian wood carvings that are usually made of red hard woods. Jamaica culture unique across the world,

What makes Jamaican culture unique?

The chances are you have heard of famous Jamaicans such as Bob Marley, Usain Bolt, Jimmy Cliff and Shelly Anne Fraser Pryce. Have you also heard of Portia Simpson Miller?  Portia Simpson Miller has served her country in a variety of roles including Prime Minister, and was voted in 2012 to be one of the most 100 influential people in the world.  Marcus Garvey is another example of what makes Jamaican culture unique.  A political leader, entrepreneur and civil rights activist, until his death in 1940.  He founded the Black Star Line business and his views influenced a wide range of people from the Nation of Islam, to the Rastafarians.

Another aspect that makes Jamaican culture unique is how the country has managed to blend an ever progressive economy for Jamaica with the retention of its history and natural beauty.  Famous historical sites dot the landscape and can be visited on any trip to Jamaica.  The wealth of natural wonders are there for all to see. The world famous Blue Mountains, Green Castle Eco park and Cockpit County give visitors to Jamaica a chance to rediscover nature in its purest form.  Gone are the constant noises of phone calls, replaced with bird song and an ecosystem almost unrivalled on the planet outside of the Amazon.  Whilst staying at Green Castle Eco Park, you can take a guided tour discover the 28 endemic species of bird, as well as see some of the historic sites in Jamaica, combined with incredible views.

Every country has its own style and its own culture and Jamaica is no different, however, Jamaican culture is much like its cuisine, an infusion of many different flavours and cultures evolved from its rich heritage. Discover it today with your stay at Green Castle hotel.

Snails in Jamaica!

Jamaica is one of the most bio diverse countries on the planet.  There are 28 species of bird, 830 types of flowering plants and 562 varieties of snails in Jamaica. In addition to this there are 27 varieties of reptile, 21 species of amphibian and 82 different ferns. All these species can only be found in Jamaica.  Indeed thanks to the endemic plant life, Jamaica is ranked 5th amongst the world islands for endemic species.  This fauna provides home, shelter and food for a vast array of wildlife.  This has resulted in Jamaica being one of the worldwide destinations for eco tourists, looking to enjoy nature at its finest.

Whether you have come to Jamaica to see the 28 endemic bird species, 562 types of snails in Jamaica, or the incredible scenery, Green Castle Estate provides the perfect location.  Basing yourself at the Green Castle Estate Hotel and nature lodge ensures you can spend all day bird watching, hiking the numerous trails or taking a guided tour to see all the natural species that make Jamaica unique.  Other guided tours on the Island may have to travel 1-2 hours to visit Green Castle and the natural paradise the eco park contains.  Green Castle hotel guests can immediately relax afterwards in the pool and enjoy the breathtaking views.

Although it is widely known that Jamaica harbours many endemic species of birds and lizards, few people know that there are a rich variety of snails in Jamaica. Currently, Jamaica is the home of 562 species of land snails, which is considerably higher than the 431 native species known in the United States east of the Mississippi River. 505 are endemic to Jamaica.

Jamaica is also home to a number of species of bats and butterflies, which are endemic.  There are three areas in Jamaica, famed for their biodiversity and that present great opportunities to see the wonderous endemic species of Jamaica.  The Blue Mountains in the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park, Green Castle Eco Park and Cockpit Country.

At Cockpit Country it is possible to see 71 of the Jamaica endemic plant species.  There have also been sightings of the 33 endemic reptile species and nearly all of the 21frog species in Jamaica. The Blue Mountains and John Crow Mountains provide home to a large proportion of the migratory bird species that flock to the Caribbean.  A little bit like us, taking a vacation to warmer climates and the tropical paradise that is Jamaica.  The Blue mountains are popular with locals and international visitors alike due to this array of wildlife.  This can mean a large number of visitors and bird watchers on the trails.  It is recommended to take a guided tour to ensure the best opportunity of seeing the beautiful animals  Green Castle eco park offers the best location to see the animals, birds, flower, fauna and snails in Jamaica.  Feeding on the snails in Jamaica, are a host of birds, animals and reptiles, that can all be seen when walking round the Green Castle eco park.

Recently at Green Castle, a research project was undertaken to scout out potential habitats for one of the smallest snails in Jamaica. These beautiful, tapered tiny glass snails (< 2mm) live in moist leaf litter of cool shady forestland far from agricultural development, pastures and human habitation. Although Green Castle has much woodland, it nonetheless has witnessed much agricultural development throughout its rich history and could thus amongst other reasons, not harbor these minute snails.

After having unsuccessfully scouted out potential habitats along the A3 towards Castleton as well as the Castleton Botanical Gardens, our guest researchers persisted for a few days and finally found a prolific population in the Blue and John Crow Mountains. Thanks to the expert driving help of Trevor Condappa of Trev Tours, live Jamaican microsnails could be found. Our guests not only enjoyed staying at Green Castle but they successfully completed their “mission” of locating a live population of some of Jamaica’s tiniest snails.

Between 1999-2003 Green Castle was visited by a joint team from UWI and Murray State University.  Discovering a series of Taino burial sites, there were also marine and terrestrial shells dating back to 1000AD.  The wildlife at Green Castle has been a near constant dating back to this time, as the same land snails still inhabit the eco park today. One type of snail in Jamaica you should not come across is the Giant African Land Snail.  These types of snails in Jamaica and the Caribbean are extremely destructive and can destroy vast swathes of green fauna, which is why they are not welcome.

As well as snails in Jamaica, our friends at national living treasures have also provided this handy list of other wildlife that can be seen at Green Castle eco park and in Jamaica.  Birds found nowhere else than Jamaica include the Yellow-billed Amazon (birdfinding.info), the Jamaican Parakeet (eBird), the Crested Quail-Dove (eBird), the Ring-tailed Pigeon (eBird), the Jamaican Lizard-Cuckoo (iNaturalist), the Chestnut-bellied Cuckoo (eBird), the Jamaican Woodpecker (eBird), the Jamaican Tody (eBird), the Jamaican Mango (iNaturalist), the Jamaican Spindalis (Steve Metz), the Jamaican Euphonia (eBird), the White-eyed Thrush (birdfinding.info), the Jamaican Vireo (eBird), and the Jamaican Poorwill (EDGE). Birds representing endemic genera include the Jamaican Owl (eBird), the Red-billed Streamertail (birdfinding.info), the Yellow-shouldered Grassquit (eBird), the Orangequit (eBird), and the Jamaican Blackbird (eBird).

Mammals unique to Jamaica include the Jamaican Hutia (ARKive WM) (BioLib), the Jamaican Fig-eating Bat Ariteus flavescens (ResearchGate), the Jamaican Moustached Bat (Cockpit Country), the Jamaican Flower Bat Phyllonycteris aphylla (BCI) (BHL), the Jamaican Greater Funnel-eared Bat Natalus jamaicensis (BHL) (EDGE), the Jamaican Red Bat Lasiurus degelidus (BHL), and the the Jamaican Brown Bat Eptesicus lynni (p. 31 of NEPA pdf file).

Reptiles restricted to Jamaica include the Jamaican Iguana (IIF), the Jamaican Twig Anole (Saumfinger.de), the Bluefields Anole (iNaturalist), the Blue Mountain Anole (iNaturalist), the Jamaican Giant Gecko (ResearchGate), the Jamaican Forest Dwarf Gecko (iNaturalist), the Southern Jamaica Banded Dwarf Gecko (iNaturalist),the Jamaican Ameiva (flickr), the Jamaican Skink (Save Goat Island), the Limestone Forest Galliwasp (Reptile Database), the Blue-tailed Galliwasp (Save Goat Island), the Jamaican Eyespot Dwarf Boa (Ian G. Brennan), the Jamaican Boa (ARKive WM), the Jamaican Red Racerlet (flickr), the Jamaican Blindsnake (flickr), and the Jamaican Slider (flickr).

All of Jamaica’s native amphibians are endemic including the Jamaican Forest Frog Eleutherodactylus gossei (iNaturalist), the Jamaican Cave Frog Eleutherodactylus cundalli (ARKive WM), the Western Yellow-bellied Frog Eleutherodactylus pantoni (flickr), the Portland Bight Cave Frog Eleutherodactylus cavernicola (Save Goat Island), the Jamaican Masked Frog Eleutherodactylus luteolus (ARKive WM), the Jamaican Laughing Tree Frog Osteopilus ocellatus (flickr), and the Jamaican Snoring Tree Frog Osteopilus crucialis (IUCN).

Freshwater fish known solely from Jamaica include the Jamaican Killifish Cubanichthys pengelleyi (It Rains Fish), the Striped Gambusia Gambusia melapleura (FishBase), Wray’s Gambusia Gambusia wrayi (STRI), the Blackbelly Limia Limia melanogaster (Seriously Fish), and the Blue Poecilia Poecilia caudofasciata (fig. 6 at BHL).

Butterflies exclusively found in Jamaica include the Homerus Swallowtail (Butterflies of America), the Thersites Swallowtail (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Kite (ATL pdf file), the Jamaican Checkerspot (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Flasher (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Calisto (Butterflies of America), the Jamaican Sister (iNaturalist), the Jamaican Mestra (iNaturalist), and Turner’s Skipper Troyus turneri (Butterflies of America). Other endemic insects include the moths Idalus delicata (iNaturalist) and Antichloris quadricolor (iNaturalist), an extinct dayflying moth Urania sloanus (Moths of Jamaica), a damselfly Diceratobasis macrogaster (flickr), a stick insect Diapherodes jamaicensis (Phasmatodea), the longhorned beetles Eburia jamaicae (iNaturalist) and Leptostylopsis jamaicensis (iNaturalist), a cave-dwelling ground beetle Platynus cavicola (GBIF), a grasshopper Dellia karstica , an ant Leptogenys reggae a metallic green bee Agapostemon jamaicensis and the Jamaican Cavefly Neoditomyia farri

Other endemic invertebrates include the velvetworms Speleoperipatus spelaeus (ARKive WM) and Plicatoperipatus jamaicensis (iNaturalist), the Jamaican Bromeliad Crab Metopaulias depressus (ScienceMedia), a cave-dwelling crab Sesarma verleyi (JCO), a spiny orb-weaver Micrathena rufopunctata (iNaturalist), a smiley-faced spider Spintharus davidattenboroughi (ResearchGate), a flattie spider Selenops wilmotorum (Species-ID), and 505 endemic terrestrial molluscs including all of the helicinid snails (Jamaican Biotic Survey) and annulariid snails (Jamaican Biotic Survey). A gastrotrich family, the Hummondasyidae (ResearchGate), is currently known only from Jamaica.

Among more than 800 vascular plant species unique to Jamaica are the palms Thrinax excelsa (Wikipedia), Calyptronoma occidentalis (PACSOA), and Roystonea princeps (flickr). Endemic orchids include Tolumnia triquetra (IOPSE), Broughtonia sanguinea (iNaturalist), Pleurothallis hirsutula (IOPSE), and Lepanthes obtusa (IOPSE). Other endemic plants include a bromeliad Tillandsia adamsii (Cockpit Country), Wercklea flavovirens (ARKive WM), the Aluminum Plant Pilea grandifolia (TopTropicals.com), a birch Bursera hollickii (Save Goat Islands), Podocarpus purdieanus (RBGE), Begonia minor (flickr), Justicia jamaicensis (iNaturalist), Blakea trinervia (flickr), Phyllanthus arbuscula (Wikipedia), and Brunfelsia jamaicensis (ARKive WM). Endemic plant genera include Portlandia (iNaturalist), Odontocline (flickr), Zemisia (iNaturalist), Dendrocousinsia (Semantic Scholar), Hippobroma (POWO), Salpixantha (BHL), Jacmaia (GBIF), and Tetrasiphon (BHL) (JSTOR).